The CPCEI is destined to become a hub for research for various subjects and geographical areas. In order to achieve this objective, we are currently privileging comparative work in the following areas:
- Democratic governance in conflictive sub-national spaces
The debate regarding democratization processes stemmed from the assumption that in all those countries where democracy was present there was a state capable of enforcing the rules of the democratic game across the national territory. The Democratic Rule of Law would thus guarantee the basic civil and political rights of citizens, creating the bases for institutional democracy which would reinforce the state’s monopoly in matters concerning territorial control. Nevertheless, today it is an acknowledged fact that there are flaws and gaps between formalities and reality. There are, in fact, “hot links”, “gray zones”, or “no-go areas” in which non-state actors impose their own law and order, thus interrupting the principle of citizenship normally protected by democratic institutions. Diagnosing obstacles to peace and democracy more effectively is of the essence to promote security at every level.
- Institutional re-engineering in national post-conflict scenarios
One of the features of the post-Cold War world is the growing interest of the international community in cooperating toward the solution of armed conflicts and in the reconstruction of societies affected by widespread violence. Nonetheless, international experience in this field is mixed and it alternates cases of remarkable success with cases of complete failure. Why do these differences exist? What are the main internal and external obstacles to the generation of sustainable peace? The generation of institutional contexts which are conducive to sustainable peace, that is to say, peace that favors the establishment and reproduction of cooperative relations among national political players is one of the areas in which it is most necessary to bring together the knowledge generated in international relations and comparative politics, so that foreign collaborators may construe the dynamics and characteristics of the domestic environment more efficiently. In this way, they will be able to design better intervention strategies which will produce more concrete results.